Long term effects of child neglect

Child neglect is a form of abuse in which parents or other people fail to provide their children with the attention they require. A neglected child may be malnourished, constantly ill, or never attend school. Neglect can take many forms, including physical and emotional neglect, and girls suffer more than boys, with younger children being the most neglected. Child neglect is a basic need nowadays due to a lack of love, care, and attention from their parents. A child is left hungry or dirty, without proper clothing or shelter, and without medical or health care. A child is endangered or is not shielded from physical or emotional harm. When a child is neglected, he or she is more likely to suffer from other forms of abuse. Neglecting a child can result in serious and long-term consequences, including death. For more information on long term effects of child neglect, connect with “Best Psychologist near me” at TalktoAngel.

                                     Types of child neglect:

When individuals think of a neglected child, individuals may envision a child going hungry or being left at home alone for extended periods of time. However, neglect can take many forms. There are several basic categories of neglect, according to the Children’s Bureau of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, including:

  1. Educational neglect includes failing to enroll a child in school, allowing a child to skip school on a regular basis, and ignoring a child’s special education needs.
  2. Emotional neglect is defined as exposing a child to domestic violence or substance abuse, as well as failing to provide affection or emotional support. 
  3. Inadequate supervision includes leaving a child who is unable to care for themselves at home alone, failing to protect a child from potential hazards, or leaving the child with insufficient caregivers.
  4. Medical neglect is the denial or postponement of necessary or recommended medical treatment.
  5. Physical neglect is defined as failing to meet a child’s basic needs such as hygiene, clothing, nutrition, or shelter, or abandoning a child.

                                       Effects of child neglect

Effects for Physical Health

Some long-term physical effects of abuse or neglect may manifest immediately, for example, brain damage caused by head trauma and others, however, can take months or years to emerge or be observable. There is a clear connection between physical abuse and physical health is important, but to recognize that any type of maltreatment can result in long-term physical ramifications.

Child maltreatment has been linked to an increased risk of a variety of long-term and/or future health issues including, but not limited to diabetes mellitus, lungs illness, nutritional deficiency, problems with vision, functional constraints, heart disease, arthritic pain, problems with the back and blood pressure that is too high, brain damage

Psychological Effects

Child abuse and neglect can result in a wide range of psychological issues. Victims of maltreatment may suffer, to experience feelings of isolation, fear, and distrust, which can lead to, lifelong psychological ramifications that can manifest as, difficulties in school, low self-esteem, depression, and having difficulty forming and maintaining relationships. Researchers have discovered links between child abuses and neglect the psychological outcomes such as, 

Reduced executive functioning and cognitive abilities

Inadequate mental and emotional health

Attachment and social issues

Posttraumatic stress disorder

Consequences of Behavior

Even after the maltreatment has stopped, victims of child abuse and neglect frequently exhibit behavioral difficulties. The following are some examples of how abuse can occur, influence people’s behaviours as adolescents and adults

Unhealthy sexual behaviours

Use of alcoholic beverages and other drugs

Future maltreatment perpetrators

Societal impacts

Despite the fact that the physical, psychological, and behavioral consequences of child abuse and neglect are significant, on the shoulders of the children who live through it, the consequences of maltreatment do not stop there. Society bears the cost, a cost for child abuse and neglect in both direct and indirect costs for example, hospitalizations and foster care payments and indirect, costs for example, long-term care, lost school productivity.


The long-term effects of child neglect are numerous and varied, including physical, psychological, biological, and generational consequences.

  • Neglect’s impact on behaviour, mental health, and well-being
  • The effect of neglect on social outcomes and interpersonal relationships
  • Neglect’s impact on physical health outcomes
  • Neglect’s impact on learning and development outcomes

The gravity of the impact on child learning and development outcomes must be acknowledged.

Signs that have been neglected as a child include: poor appearance and hygiene, health and developmental problems, housing and family issues, and change in behavior. Sign of neglect also includes; self – esteem issues, difficulty controlling emotions, inability to solicit or accept assistance, heightened rejection sensitivity and inadequate language for expressing emotions, feeling of shame or guilt. If a child talks to you about neglect it’s important to: listen carefully to what they’re saying, let them know they’ve done the right thing by telling you, tell them it’s not their fault, say you’ll take them seriously, don’t confront the alleged abuse, explain what you’ll do next and report what the child has told you as soon as possible.

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